Throughout its history, it has changed names: Black River, Vladimirovka. After the Russo-Japanese War, the city became the capital of the Japanese governorate of Karafuto with the name Toyohara. After the end of World War II and to this day, the capital of Sakhalin is called Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.
In Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Russian, Slavic, Korean, and Japanese cultures are tightly intertwined. In terms of the number of residents, Russians are in the first place, and Koreans are in second place. This has also influenced the worldview, common holidays, and created a unique Sakhalin cuisine, with an abundance of seafood and seasonal wild fruits.
The city now boasts a unique ski resort, “Gorny Vozduh”, the best Gagarin Park in the Far East of Russia. A. Gagarin Park, modern cinema and concert halls, drama theater, shopping and entertainment complexes, beautiful squares, comfortable hotels, spa complexes, and water parks.